Pullach and the Obersalzberg
10th Winter Exhibition of the Obersalzberg Documentation [in German]
23rd October 2015 - 1st May 2015
Opening: 22 October 2015, 7:00 pm
Pullach and Obersalzberg are connected by a shared history. In 1935, Martin Bormann not only received Hitler’s orders to extend the Berghof to “the Führer’s Off-Limits Area”, but also for the construction of a residential complex for Rudolf Heß’s staff. The new model estate in Pullach with its idyllic name “Sonnenwinkel” [Sunny Nook] was supposed to represent a constructional National Socialist utopia. This year’s Winter Exhibition visualises the genesis of the two historical sites and their deceptive idyll: the homey architecture and the crimes which were prepared and decided upon behind the facades, the political and social interplay between Pullach and Obersalzberg as well as the developments after the end of the Second World War when Pullach became a hotspot of the Cold War and the Obersalzberg became a recreational area for US soldiers and tourists from all over the world.
The exhibition is based on the exhibition “Pullach, Heilmannstraße” prepared by Geschichtsforum Pullach e.V. [Pullach history association] and the Pullach SPD with support of the Federal Intelligence Service and the Pullach Municipality. For presentation at the Obersalzberg Documentation, it has been substantially revised by Geschichtsforum Pullach and the Institute for Contemporary History.
"In Total Employment"
Forced Labour by the Czech Population for the Third Reich
An exhibition by the Czech-German Future Fund in the Obersalzberg Documentation (in German)
3 October 2013 - 27 April 2014
Opening: 2 October 2013, 7:00 pm
Until 1945, approximately 400.000 to 600.000 Czech men and women had to perform forced labour under appalling conditions for the German Reich. Thousands of them died. In the beginning recruitment was in principle voluntary: After the formation of the "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia" in March 1939, which was partially planned and organised at the Obersalzberg, the German administration increasingly applied pressure on the Czech population to report in for labour in Germany. Since 1942 recruiting measures even resulted in the conscription of whole cohorts.
As in the whole of Germany since 1938, Czech workers were also deployed at the Obersalzberg due to the high demand for labour. With Albert Speer, one of those in charge of the deployment of forced labour, lived and worked at Obersalzberg.
For this reason the 2013/2014 Winter Exhibition deals with the development of the system of forced labour in the National Socialist occupation policy in the so-called Protectorate. It shows the measures used to mobilise and recruit Czech labourers and their working and living conditions. It reveals the system of work and punishment in the National Socialist "Labour Education Camps". The forced labour of concentration camp prisoners as well as the specific situation of Czech Jews and Roma are described. In the last section the exhibition deals with the long path to compensation for those afflicted. Additionally by way of example, former forced labourers are introduced in short biographies. About 250 personal documents and photographs, as well as interviews with survivors, are displayed.
The exhibition was developed by the Deutsch-Tschechischer Zukunftsfonds (DTZF - German-Czech Future Fund) and its project partners. The Czech version toured the Czech Republic between 2005 and 2007. In 2008, the German version was developed in cooperation with the Berliner Dokumentationszentrum NS-Zwangsarbeit bei der Stiftung Topographie des Terrors. For the seventh location in Germany at the Obersalzberg, the exhibition has been expanded with a special section on the forced labour of Czechs on the Obersalzberg.
Download the flyer (in German)
The exhibition will be at the Obersalzberg between October 3rd, 2012 and April 7th, 2013
Between 1939 and 1945, 200,000 mentally ill and retarded people werekilled within the German Reich. Within the scope of the National Socialist“Euthanasia Programme”, psychiatrists played a decisive role for theinception, justification, planning and execution of these killings. Afterdecades of silence and suppression, researchers began their in-depthinvestigation of the history of psychiatry during the so called “ThirdReich” during the 1980’s in order to comprehend in detail the dimensionsof the acts. The exhibition brings the viewer face to face with thevictims, particularly the children, describes the reactions of theirrelatives and traces the horrific deeds and post-war careers of theperpetrators.
Large sections of the exhibition are also available in English.
June 1941 - The Deep Cut
24 Biographies from the War against the Soviet Union (in German)
An Exhibition of the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst
Inauguration: October 20th, 2011, 7:00 pm
The exhibition will be at the Obersalzberg between October 21st, 2011 and March 4th, 2012.
On 22 June 1941 - 70 years ago - the attack of the German Wehrmacht and its allies against the Soviet Union began. The codename of the operation was "Operation Barbarossa". The character of this war differed considerably from that of previous wars. From the very beginning the German Wehrmacht planned and executed this war as a war of extermination, discarding the norms of international law. The German conduct of war and its occupational policy cost the lives of 27 million Soviet citizens, among them 14 million civilians. No other European country lost more soldiers and civilians during the Second World War.
For this reason, June 22nd, 1941 is an important historical date in the memory of Russians, Belarusians and Ukrainians. In Germany however the date is almost unknown - despite the intensive discussions about the crimes of the Wehrmacht during the last few years.
The exhibition "June 1941 - The Deep Cut" was produced by the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst. 24 individuals - some famous, some unknown - are introduced. For each of them in different ways, June 22, 1941 was a prominent biographical caesura. People became perpetrators, victims and bystanders. Through these examples, the exhibition shows the bandwidth of fates both on the Soviet and the German sides.
The generations who can recount the events from their own memory are slowly depleting. Those directly affected by the war are often marked by it to the end of their days. According to his son's account, one of those portrayed in the exhibition repeatedly wrote down his traumatic wartime experiences until his death in 2010.
Even 70 years after the 22 June 1941 attack it remains important to keep the memories alive. In the general public it is not well-known that the first concrete plans for this racial-ideological war of aggression and extermination were put together on the idyllic Obersalzberg in the summer of 1940. Here on December 18th, 1940, within sight of the Untersberg, Hitler signed Directive Nr. 21 "Case Barbarossa", which ordered the Wehrmacht to prepare for an attack against the Soviet Union, resulting in a war of extermination against the Soviet Union. For this reason the Obersalzberg Documentation shows the exhibition "The Deep Cut" as its 6th Winter Exhibition starting on October 21st, 2011.
Download the flyer (in German)
For exhibition pictures in higher resolution, please contact the press department of the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst.