The German Jews had been oppressed and persecuted since the "Seizure of Power". The state had stripped them of their rights, organizations had expelled them, they were meeting with increasing contempt in their daily lives. Steps taken against them by the state, daily terror, and the loss of their property through "Aryanization" drove them into isolation and poverty. The "Nuremberg Laws" isolated them further and made them second-class citizens. The persecution of the Jews in the pre-war period reaches its climax in the pogrom of the Reichskristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass). However, Roma also suffered under the deprivation of rights and isolation, even in some cases being confined in camps.